What is the cloud and how does it work?

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What is the cloud, and how does it work? Today, more than ever, technology plays a crucial role in the development of companies. The labour system has changed, and it is no longer enough to have a physical office. It is vital to become more productive and respond to the demands of users and customers who demand digital services. It is necessary to adopt tools from the online world. A great advantage that small and medium-sized businesses have is easy access to critical devices such as google cloud. This specialized service allows greater control of work, greater information security and reduced infrastructure costs. But then, ¿ What is the cloud, and how does it work?

This post will tell you everything you need to know about cloud computing and the benefits of hiring a cloud computing service.

What is the cloud? 

Cloud storage or storage cloud is a computing model that saves a lot of data, files and programs on the Internet, allowing access to them from anywhere and anytime.

Suppose we think about how the computing cloud works. Who provides agility, security, durability and the possibility of a global scale to achieve that customers have access to the clouds worldwide and in the best possible way. In that case, we must forget about storing data in physical spaces, such as the computer’s hard drive or pen drives, and think about virtual spaces full of data synchronized with other information through the web.

How does the cloud work? 

The cloud computing service stands out for its simplicity when using it. It is offered on demand and adapts to the needs of the user. In addition, it has different capacities and costs depending on the organization, eliminating the need to buy and manage its infrastructure.

To know how data storage in the cloud works, you must know two fundamental terms: Front End and Back End.

The Front End is the part formed by the client’s computer and the application he needs to use the system. In the Back End are the servers and data storage systems that provide the service in the cloud. That is a visible part with which the user interacts and works, and a virtual, non-tangible part protects all the client’s valuable information.

What benefits does the cloud bring you? 

Whatever your company or project size, cloud computing gives you tremendous advantages to empower your business and make it more innovative and scalable.

  • Cost savings: With Cloud services, investing in a physical server or spending on maintenance is unnecessary. Cloud storage dispenses with its own IT infrastructure investments and software licenses.
  • Access from anywhere and at any time: the cloud facilitates communication between the members of your company. No matter where you are, you can always access the information stored in the google cloud from any mobile device.
  • Unlimited storage: cloud application platforms, such as Google Workspace, allow total space in the cloud. It is a great advantage for companies that need to free up computer storage space and save important information.
  • The adaptability of use: the client is the one who manages the storage capacity they need and can hire the service that best suits their size and that of their data.
  • Greater security: using the cloud allows you to have a backup in the cloud in real time. Thus, you stop depending on hard drives or computers that may fail exposed to many cyber-attacks. Also, some platforms, such as Google Workspace, have applications to more easily find the data.

Types of storage in the cloud (What is the cloud, and how does it work?)

Currently, there are four types of clouds: public, private, hybrid, and multi-clouds. Each of them responds to different needs, and it is necessary to know their characteristics to know which option best suits your objectives.

1. Public Cloud

The public cloud is a type of storage that is open to the public and requires little control by the administrator. It can be accessed online by anyone authorized and is usually free due to its low cost and low level of maintenance. On the other hand, all clouds become public when environments shatter, redistributed among multiple users. Among the most used examples of this type of service is Google Drive.

2. Private Cloud

Private clouds by meeting the needs of an exclusive user or end group. That is, they coached a particular client with remote access. This cloud storage type can have two formats: on-premise (in the same physical place of who will use it) or hosted externally. The private service has a significant advantage in terms of security compared to the public, and that is that the location of the data is within the company itself.

3. Hybrid cloud

As the name implies, the hybrid cloud combines two types of public and private cloud storage. In this case, the user owns one part of their data and shares another. This option allows companies to customize functions and have greater flexibility in better adapting to their needs and resources. Also, it is cheaper than having a private cloud.

4. Multicloud Cloud

It is important not to confuse the concept of hybrid cloud with multi-cloud. All hybrid clouds are multi-clouds, but not all multi-clouds are hybrids. Multi clouds become hybrids when multiple clouds correlate with some integration or organization.

If we talk about a multi-cloud model, we mean a solution combining at least two private or public cloud providers, which may or may not be incorporated.

Currently, this storage model is the most used in companies that seek greater security, flexibility, and cost reduction.

Top cloud storage platforms

An exemplary storage platform is essential to understanding the cloud and how it works correctly and uses it. There are many platforms, and each offers a different service, from free or paid storage and the servers’ flexibility to how each operates and for what purpose. The top five storage platforms are Google Drive, Microsoft Onedrive, pCloud, Amazon Drive, and Mega.

Now, what should you take into account when choosing a cloud storage platform?

Make it multiplatform so that access from any device.
Make it safe and offer peace of mind when saving files.
It has a storage capacity according to the needs of each user.
That allows us to share files or folders with other users to facilitate work processes and communication between people.

Cloud Security

Among the main advantages of using the service computing cloud is cloud security. Storing data, files and folders in physical spaces or on hard drives is uncomfortable and risky since they take up a workspace, and domestic problems, electrical problems, or computer errors can arise.

Making a backup in the cloud ensures that all the information stored in several servers in different places is used remotely under software. Additionally, most cloud storage platforms offer protection, so that customer, infrastructure, and application data are not cyber-attacked, spammed, or abused.

As we have seen, one of the leading cloud storage platforms is Google Cloud Platform, which stands out for taking maximum care of the privacy of its customers’ data. With this service, the same user has exclusive control of all their data and private information is not used for advertising or commercial purposes.

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